红皮书-阅读理解(四选一)15篇 - 下载本文

B. My Mother

C. A Precious Stamp

D. A Memorable Experience in Collecting Stamps

Passage 8 DCBBD

When John and Victoria Falls arrived in New York City for one-year stay, they did not bring very many things with them. They had planned either to live in a furnished apartment or to buy used furniture. But they soon learned about a new system that more and more people are using. The renting of home furnishings (bed, tables, dishes, and so on) has become one of America’s fastest growing businesses.

What kinds of people rent their home furnishings instead of buying them? People who are international business or government officials, foreign students, airline workers, young married couples-people whose job or business may force them to move frequently from one city to another. They save a lot of trouble and the cost of moving their furniture each time. They simply rent new furniture when they reach their new homes .Young people don’t have much money and don’t want to buy the cheap furniture,they would rather to wait until they have enough money to buy furniture they really like. Meanwhile, they find they can rent better quality furniture than they could afford to buy.

One family, who now have a large, beautiful home of their own, liked their rented furniture so much that they decided to keep renting it instead of buying new things. But usually people don’t like to tell others about it. The idea of renting home furnishings is still quite new, and they are not sure what their neighbors might think. 1. Which of the following has become one of America’s fastest growing businesses? A. Selling home furnishings. B. Renting furnished apartments. C. Selling used furniture. D. Renting home furnishings. 2. Why do some people prefer to rent furniture?

A. Because the furniture they get in this way is new. B. Because it saves them a lot of money.

C. Because it saves them much trouble and money. D. Because. They can always get better quality furniture in this way. 3. What can you infer from the passage?

A. The idea of renting furniture is not acceptable.

B. Renting furniture is not popular in the couple’s home town. C. Only those who don’t have enough money to rent furniture. D. People usually grow to like the furniture they have rented. 4. Which of the following can best serve as the title of the passage? A. Rent or Buy?

B. A New Way of Getting Home Furnishings. C. Furnished Apartments. D. A New Idea.

5. Young people liked renting home furniture in that . A. They have less money.

B. They don’t want to buy old furniture. C. The new furniture is of good quality.

D. They don’t have much money and don’t want to buy the cheap furniture.

Passage 9 ABDAB

A characteristic of American culture that has become almost a tradition is to respect the self-made man—the man who has risen to the top through his own efforts, usually beginning by working with his hands. While the leader in business or industry or the college professor occupies a higher social position and commands greater respect in the community than the common laborer or even the skilled factory worker, he may take pains to point out that his father started life in America as a farmer or laborer of some sort.

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This attitude toward manual (体力) labor is now still seen in many aspects of American life. One is invited to dinner at a home that is not only comfortable but even luxuriously (豪华地) furnished and in which there is every evidence of the fact that the family has been able to afford foreign travel, expensive hobbies, and college education for the children; yet the hostess probably will cook the dinner herself, will serve it herself and will wash dishes afterward, furthermore the dinner will not consist merely of something quickly and easily assembled from contents of various cans and a cake or a pie bought at the nearby bakery. On the contrary, the hostess usually takes pride in careful preparation of special dishes. A professional may talk about washing the car, digging in his flowerbeds, painting the house. His son who is away at college may wait on table and wash dishes for his living, or during the summer he may work with a construction gang on a highway in order to pay for his education.

1. From paragraph 1, we know that in America _____________. A. people tend to have a high opinion of the self-made man B. people can always rise to the top through their own efforts C. college professors win great respect from common workers D. people feel painful to mention their fathers as labors

2. According to the passage, the hostess cooks dinner herself mainly because ______________. A. servants in American are hard to get

B. she takes pride in what she can do herself C. she can hardly afford servants

D. It is easy to prepare a meal with canned food.

3. The expression ―wait on table‖ in the second paragraph means ―___________________‖. A. work in a furniture shop B. keep accounts for a bar

C. wait to lay the table D. serve customers in a restaurant 4. The author’s attitude toward manual (体力的) labor is __________________. A. positive B. negative C. humorous D. critical 5. Which of the following may serve as the best title of the passage? A Respectable Self-made Family

B. American Attitude toward Manual Labor. C. Characteristics of American Culture. D. The Development of Manual Labor.

Passage 10 DCDBA

How men first learnt to invent words is unknown; in other words, the origin of language is a mystery. All we really known is that men, unlike animals, somehow invented certain sounds to express thought and feelings, actions, and things, so that they could communicate with each other; and that later they agreed upon certain signs, called letters, which could be combined to represent those sounds, and which could be written down. Those sounds, whether spoken or written in letters, we call words.

The power of words, then, lies in their associations--the things they bring up before our minds. Words become filled with meaning for us by experience; and the longer we live, the more certain words recall to us the glad and sad events of our past; and the more we read and learn, the more the number of words that mean something to us increases.

Great writers are those who not only have great thoughts but also express these thoughts in words which appeal powerfully to our minds and emotions. This charming and telling use of words is what we call literary style. Above all, the real poet is a master of words. He can convey his meaning in words which sing like music and which by their position and association can move men to tears. We should therefore learn to choose our words carefully and use them accurately, or they will make our speech silly and vulgar.

1. The origin of language is _________________

A. a legend handed down from the past. B. a matter that is hidden or secret.

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C. a question difficult to answer. 2. What is true about words?

D. a problem not yet solved.

B. They cannot be written down

A. They are used t to express feelings only. C. They are simply sounds.

D. They are mysterious.

3. The real power of words lies in their ___________.

A. properties B. characteristics C. peculiarity D. representative function 4. By ―association‖, the author means _____________. A. a special quality

B. a joining of ideas in the mind. C. an appearance which is puzzling. D. a strange feature. 5. Which of the following statements about the real poet is NOT true? A. He is no more than a master of words. B. He can convey his ideas in words which sing like music. C. He can move men to tears. D. His style is always charming.

Passage 11 BABCB

Shyness is the cause of much unhappiness for a great many people. Shy people are anxious and self-conscious; that is, they are excessively concerned with their own appearance and actions. Worrisome thoughts are constantly occurring in their minds: What kind of impression am I making? Do they like me? Do I sound stupid? Am I wearing unattractive clothes?

It is obvious that such uncomfortable feeling must negatively affect people. A person’s conception of himself or herself is reflected in the way he or she behaves, and the way a person behaves affects other people’s reactions. In general, the way people think about themselves has a profound effect on all areas of their lives.

Shy people, having low self-esteem, are likely to be passive and easily influenced by others. They need reassurance that they are doing ―the right thing.‖ Shy people are very sensitive to criticism: they feel it confirms their feelings of inferiority. They also find it difficult to be pleased by compliment with a statement like this one: ―You’re just saying that to make me feel good. I know it’s not true.‖ It is clear that, while self-awareness is a healthy quality, overdoing it is harmful.

Can shyness be completely eliminated, or at least reduced? Fortunately, people can overcome shyness with determined and patient efforts in building self-confidence. Since shyness goes hand in hand with a lack of self-esteem, it is important for people to accept their weakness as well as their strengths.

Each one of us is a unique, worthwhile individual, interested in our own personal ways. The better we understand ourselves, the easier it becomes to live up to our full potential. Let’s not allow shyness to block our chances for a rich and fulfilling life.

1. What does the author try to prove by citing ―what kind of impression am I making?‖ in Para.1? A. Shy people benefit from their caring about their appearance.

B. People’s shyness made them care too much about their appearance and actions. C. It’s natural that shy people don’t believe other’s compliments. D. Shy people think they are different from others.  2. According to the writer, self-awareness is _______.

A. a good quality B. the cause of unhappiness C. harmful to people D. a weak pointy of shy people 3. When being praised, shy people feel that it is ________. A. good B. unreal C. very reasonable D. harmful

4. Which of the following statements is true according to the passage? A. Shyness helps us to develop our potential.

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B. Shyness enables us to understand ourselves better. C. Shyness can block our chances for a rich life.

D. Shyness has nothing to do with lack of self-esteem.

5. It can be inferred from the passage that shy people______________________. A. should find more of their weakness

B. should understand themselves in the right way C. had better ignore their weakness

D. can get rid of their shyness while maintaining low self-esteem.

Passage 12 BBBDB

In the United States, it is not customary to telephone someone very early in the morning. If you telephone him early in the day, while he is shaving or having breakfast, the time of the call shows that the matter is very important and requires immediate attention. The same meaning is attached to telephone calls made after 11:00 p.m. If someone receives a call during sleeping hours, he assumes it's a matter of life or death. The time chosen for the call communicates its importance.

In social life, time plays a very important part. In the U.S.A. guests tend to feel they are not highly regarded if the invitation to a dinner party is extended only three or four days before the party date. But it is not true in all countries. In other areas of the world, it may be considered foolish to make an appointment too far in advance because plans which are made for a date more than a week away tend to be forgotten. The meaning of time differs in different parts of the world. Thus, misunderstandings arise between people from cultures that treat time differently. Promptness is valued highly in American life, for example. If people are not prompt, they may be regarded as impolite or not fully responsible. In the U.S. no one would think of keeping a business associate waiting for an hour, it would be too impolite. A person who is 5 minutes late, he will say a few words of explanation, though perhaps he will not complete the sentence. 1. What is the main idea of this passage?

A. It is not customary to telephone someone in the morning and in sleeping hours in the U.S. B. The role of time in social life over the world.

C. If people are not prompt, they may be regarded as impolite or not fully responsible in the U.S. D. Not every country treats the concept of time as the same.

2. What does it mean in the passage if you call someone during his or her sleeping hours? A. A matter of work. B. A matter of life or death.

C. You want to see him or her. D. You want to make an appointment with him or her. 3. Which of the following time is proper if you want to make an appointment with your friend? A. at 7:00 am B. at 4:00 pm C. at the night D. at 4:00 am 4. Which of the following statement is true according to the passage?

A. In the U.S.A. guests tend to feel they are highly regarded if the invitation to a dinner party is extended only three or four days before the party date.

B. There is no misunderstanding arising between people from different cultures about the concept of time. C. It may be considered foolish to make an appointment well in advance in the U.S.A. D. Promptness is valued highly in American life.

5. From the passage we can safely infer that ________________ A. it’s a matter of life or death if you call someone in the day time. B. the meaning of time differs in different parts of the world. C. it makes no difference in the U.S. whether you are early or late for a business party. D. if a person is late for a date, he needn’t make some explanation.

Passage 13 BDCCC

There are three kinds of goals: short-term, medium-range and long-term goals.

Short-term goals are those that usually deal with current activities which we can apply on a daily basis. Such goals can be achieved in a week or less, or two weeks, or possibly, months. It should be remembered that just as building is no stronger

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than its foundation, long-term goals cannot amount to very much without the achievement of solid short-term goals. Upon completing our short-term goals, we should date the occasion and then add new short-term goals that will build on those that have been completed.

The intermediate goals build on the foundation of the short-term goals. They might deal with just one term of school or the entire school year, or they could even extend for several years. Any time you move a step at a time, you should never allow yourself to become discouraged or overwhelmed. As you complete each step, you will enforce the belief in your ability to grow and succeed. And as your list of completion dates grow, your motivation and desire will increase.

Long-term goals may be related to our dreams of the future. They might cover five years or more. Life is not a static thing. We should never allow a long-term goal to limit us or our course of action. 1. Our long-term goals mean a lot _________. A. If we cannot reach solid short-term goals B. If we complete the short-term goals C. if we have dreams of the future D. if we put forward some plans

2. New short-term goals are built upon _________.

A. a daily basis B. your achievement in a week

C. current activities D. the goals that have been completed 3. When we complete each step of our goals, ________. A. we will win final success B. we are overwhelmed

C. we should build up confidence of success D. we should have strong desire for setting new goals 4. What is the main idea of this passage? A. Life is a dynamic thing.

B. we should set up long-term goals. C. Different kinds of goals in life. D. The limitation of long-term goals.

5. Which of the following statements is wrong according to the passage?

A. The long-term goals cannot amount to very much without the achievement of solid short-term goals. B. The intermediate goals build on the foundation of the short-term goals.

C. Life is a static thing, thus we should never allow a long-term goal to limit us or our course of action. D. We should often add new short-term goals to those which have been completed.

Passage 14 BCACD

What makes a person a scientist? Does he have ways or tools of learning that are different from those of others? The answer is ―no‖. It is not the tools a scientist uses but how he uses these tools that makes him a scientist. You will probably agree that knowing how to use a power is important to a carpenter. You will probably agree, too, that knowing how to investigate, how to discover information, is important to everyone. The scientist, however, goes one step further. He must be sure that he has a reasonable answer to his questions and that his answer can be confirmed by other persons. He also works to fit the answers he gets to many questions into a large set of ideas about how the world works.

The scientist’s knowledge must be exact. There is no room for half right or right just half the time. He must be as nearly right as the conditions permit. What works under one set of conditions at one time must work under the same conditions at other times. If the conditions are different, any changes the scientist observes in a demonstration must be explained by the changes in the conditions. This is one reason that investigations are important in science. Albert Einstein, who developed the theory of relativity, arrived at this theory through mathematics. The accuracy of his mathematics was later tested through investigations, Einstein’s ideas were shown to be correct. A scientist uses many tools for measurements. Then the measurements are used to make mathematical calculations that may test his investigations. 1. What makes a scientist according to the passage?

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