2017届高三英语一轮复习导学案:动词时态和语态常考点 - 下载本文

高三语法 2016、9

高三语法:动词时态和语态常考点

【课前预习】

1. —Where is Peter? I can't find him anywhere.

—He went to the library after breakfast and ______ his essay there ever since. A. wrote B. had written C. has been writing D. is writing 2. It is reported that a space station ______ on the moon in years to come. A. will be building B. will he built C. has been building D. has been built 3. —Is Peter coming?

—No, he_____ his mind after a phone call at the last minute. A. changes B. changed C. was changing D. had changed

4. In my hometown, there is always a harvest supper for the farmers after all the wheat_____ cut. A. will have been B. will be C. was D. has been

5. Albert Einstein was born in 1879. As a child, few people guessed that he a famous scientist whose theories would change the world.

A. has been B. had been C. was going to be D. was

6. Jane can’t attend the meeting at 3 o’clock this afternoon because she ______ a class at that time.

A. will teach B. would teach C. has taught D. will be teaching 7. Despite the previous rounds of talks, no agreement______ so far by the two sides.

A. has been reached B. was reached C. will reach D. will have reached 8. —Did you enjoy the party?

—Yes. We ______well by our hosts.

A. were treated B. would be treated C. treated D. had treated 9. —Did you have difficulty finding Ann’s house?

—Not really. She ______ us clear directions and we were able to find it easily. A. was to give B. had given C. was giving D. would give

10. The reason why prices _______, and still are, too high is complex, and no short discussion can satisfactorily explain this problem. A. were B. will be C. have been D. had been

11. He must have sensed that I ______ him. He suddenly glanced at me and said quietly, \are you staring at me like that?\ A. would look at B. looked at C. was looking at D. am looking at

12. I had a strong desire to reach in and play with the toy, but_______ thankfully by the shop window.

A. am held back B. held back C. hold back D. was held back

【学习过程】

考点1:动词的各种时态 1.一般现在时

1).表示客观事实或普通真理。

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高三语法 2016、9

2).表示习惯性、经常性的动作。常与表示习惯的副词always,every time,now and then,occasionally,often,seldom,sometimes,usually,every day/night等连用。 3).在时间/条件/让步状语从句中,代替一般将来时。(主将从现) 。

4).表示一个按规定、计划或安排要发生的动作,如课程表、航班表、火车列次表。 5).完全倒装句中,用一般现在时表示正在发生的动作。

I do all the cooking for my family, but recently I have been too busy to do it.

“Life is like walking in the snow,” Granny used to say,“because every step shows.” If it doesn’t rain,we’ll go on a picnic as planned.

If you will accept my invitation and come to our party, my family will be pleased. Here comes our bus! 2.一般过去时

1)表示过去某一时间发生的动作或存在的状态。常与表过去的时间状语连用,如yesterday,last year,last night,the other day,just now,then,two days ago,at that time 等。 2)表示过去某一段时间内经常性或习惯性的动作。 3)在时间和条件句中代替过去将来时。

4)表示一种委婉、客气、礼貌、商量的语气。

? —Long time no see!Haven’t you graduated from college? —Yes. I studied English for four years in Nanjing. ? —Oh! it's you ! I didn’t recognize you.

— I've just had my hair cut, and I'm wearing a new pair of glasses. ? I wondered if you could help me. 3.一般将来时

1).will/shall+动词原形,表示将要发生或临时决定 2).be going to+动词原形

①表示计划、打算要做的事或肯定要发生的事。

②表示说话人根据已有的事实或迹象,认为某事即将发生。

3).“be about to+动词原形+when…”表示打算或根据安排即将发生的动作。

4).“be to+动词原形”表示按计划、安排即将发生。还可表示吩咐、命令、禁止、命中注定等。

? Look at the cloud. It’s going to rain.

? If we are to be there before ten,we’ll have to go now.

? Close the door of fear behind you, and you will see the door of faith open before you. ? —What time is it?

—I have no idea. But just a minute,I will check it for you. 4.现在进行时

1).表示现在或现阶段正在进行的动作。

2).表示计划好近期即将发生的动作,这类动词主要有:go,come,leave,stay,start,arrive,meet,move,return,stay,stop,do等

3)与always,often,constantly, continuously等频度副词连用,表经常反复的行为,带有某种感情色彩。

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注意:下列四类词不用进行时:

表示心理、情感的词:like, love, hate, remember, believe, want, mind, wish, agree 表存在的状态的词:appear, lie, remain, seem, belong to, depend on; 表示一时性的词:allow, accept, permit, promise, admit, complete; 感官动词:see, hear, notice, feel, smell, sound, taste, look 5.过去进行时

1). 表示过去正在进行的动作。

2). 表示过去将要发生。这类动词主要有leave,start,arrive,go,come等。 3). 表示本打算做,但没做成。

4). 表说话人过去对主语行为的赞叹、厌恶等,与always, often, constantly, continuously

等频度副词连用。

5) .表示现在语气委婉、客气。

I wasn’t sure if he was really interested or if he was just being polite. James has just arrived, but I didn't know he was coming until yesterday. I was coming to visit you later that day,but I had to phone and cancel. I was wondering if you could give me a lift. 6.现在完成时

1).表示过去所发生的动作到说话时刚刚完成或还将继续,对现在有影响。常与下列状语连用:already, yet,just, recently, lately , iup to now,so far, in the past (last) few years。 2).用于时间、条件状语从句中,代替将来完成时。 3). 下列句型中常用现在完成时:

It is (has been) + 一段时间 + since从句

This/That / It is the first/second/...time that + 主语 + 现在完成时 This/That / It is the only...+ that + 主语+ 现在完成时

This/that / It is the most interesting...+ that + 主语 + 现在完成时 ? —Look! Somebody has cleaned the sofa.

— Well, it wasn’t me. I didn’t do it.

? —Oh no! We’re too late. The train has left.

— That’s Ok. We’ll catch the next train to London. ? This is the first time that we have faced such a problem. 7.过去完成时

1).表示过去的过去。by,by the end,by the time,until,before,since后接表示过去某一时间的短语或从句,主句用过去完成时。 2). 表示过去没有实现。 2).用于“hardly(scarcely)...when.../ no sooner...than...”句型中。 Just as I got to the school gate, I realized I had left my book in the cafe. We had intended to help you,but we were too busy to get away. No sooner had we been seated than the bus started. 8. 现在完成进行时

1)表示过去的动作持续到现在并有可能延续下去,常和for,since引导的时间状语连用。

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2).表示在说话时刻之前刚刚结束的动作。 3). 用来强调动作的延续性或发复性。

He has been dropping in on his grandparents every day recently. —Why, Jack, you look so tired!

—Well, I have been painting the house and I must finish the work tomorrow. 9.过去完成进行时

过去完成进行时主要表示过去某一时间以前一直在进行的动作。过去完成进行时由“had+been+ v.-ing”构成。表示动作在过去某一时间之前开始并延续到过去某一时间。这一动作可能已经停止也可能还在进行。

I had been looking for it for days before I found it. 10.将来进行时

1)表示将来某个时刻正在进行的动作。 2)表示预计即将发生。

If I fail to appear by 8 o’clock, I will not be coming at all. This time tomorrow, I shall be flying to Hainan. 11.其他四种时态

将来完成时: will/shall have done

将来完成进行时:shall/will have been doing 过去完成进行时:had been doing 过去将来进行时:would be doing 考点2:语态 1. 常见被动结构

1) It is believed that..., It is well known that..., It is supposed that..., It is said that..., It is reported that... ,It is hoped that...

2)get changed / dressed / paid / burnt / hurt / injured / trapped / stuck / involved; go unpunished / unrecorded / bankrupt

remain seated /unchanged / undone / unfinished / untouched/ 2.主动形式表示被动意义

1).break,catch,clean,drive,lock,wear,open,sell,read,write,wash等,被用作不及物动词, 常常和easily,well等副词连用, 来描述主语特征时,

2).表示感受、感官的系动词如feel,sound,taste,look等,后面跟形容词、名词构成系表结构,常常以主动形式表示被动意义。 The water felt cold when I jumped into it.

3).在need,want,require,deserve,bear等动词及be worth的后面,动名词用主动形式

表示被动意义,其含义相当于动词不定式的被动形式。 4).be to blame/be to let主动表被动

Who is to blame for the mistake?

As far as I know,the high building standing at the corner of the street is to let. 练一练:

①.Despite the previous rounds of talks, no agreement______ so far by the two sides.

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高三语法 2016、9

A. has been reached B. was reached C. will reach D. will have reached ②. More expressways in Sichuan soon to promote the local economy.

A. are being built B. will be built C. have been built D. had been built ③.We won't start the work until all the preparations ________.

A. are being made B. will be made C. have been made D. had been made ④.—So what is the procedure?

—All the applicants________before a final decision is made by the authority. A. interview B. are interviewing C. are interviewed D.are being interviewed 考点3:易混时态比较

1.一般过去时与现在完成时的用法区别:

看 “点时间”还是“段时间” ?是否对“现在”有影响? 动作是否“持续”? ① —I didn’t ask for the name list. Why ______on my desk? —I put it there just now in case you needed it. A. does it land B. has it landed C. will it land D. had it landed ②. —What about your self-drive trip yesterday?

—Tiring! The road is being widened, and we a rough ride.

A. had B. have C . would have D. have had ③.— You seem to be familiar with London.

— I ________ there for three years. It's great to be back.

A. lived B. had lived C. have lived D. live 2.现在完成进行时和现在完成时的用法区别

1)现在完成进行时强调动作的持续性,而现在完成时则强调结果。 2)现在完成进行时有时带有感情色彩。

④ I _____ Lucy to be careful with her handwriting all the time, but she hasn’t polished it at all. A. told B. have been telling C. will be telling D. have told ⑤—Did you find the missing couple in the mountain yesterday? —No, but we to get in touch with them ever since. A. have tried B. had tried C. have been trying D. had been trying 3.过去进行时与一般过去时的用法区别

1)一般过去时常表示在过去某一时间动作已经结束,而过去进行时却表示在过去某一时间内动作在持续或尚未完成。

2)一般过去时表示动作只做一次,而过去进行时则表示反复发生的动作。 ⑥—Has Sam finished his homework today? —I have no idea. He ______ it this morning.

A.did B. has done C. was doing D. had done

⑦ I’m calling about the apartment you ______the other day .Could you tell me more about it? A .advertised B. had advertised C. were advertising D. will advertise

⑧ After school we went to the reading-room to do some reading, only to be told that it _____. A. was decorated B. had decorated C. had been decorating D. was being decorated ⑨. I called Hannah many times yesterday evening, but I couldn’t get through. Her

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