新标准大学英语综合教程1单元答案解析 - 下载本文

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Unit One

Reading and understanding p.4 – p.5

2 Check (√) the true statements.

1 It’s a description of the first few days at college. 2 It’s a personal and private story. 3 The writer uses past tenses.

(The writer actually uses present tenses, but some diaries do use past tenses.) 4 It’s factual.

5 It’s written in the third person. 1, 2, 4

3 Choose the best way to complete the sentences.

1. (a ) 2. (d) 3. (d) 4. (d) 5. (a) 6. (a)

4 Match the words and expressions in the box with their definitions. 1 (swear) 2 (muscle) 3 (impress) 4 (sip) 5 (gap)

6 (check in) 5 Replace the underlined words with the correct form of the words and expressions in the box. 1 (barely) 2 (spill) 3 (ignorant) 4 (intelligent) 5 (sign up) 6 (assures)

She assures me that she’s read the book. 7 (run out of)

I need to go and buy some tea, I have run out of it. 6 Answer the questions about the words and expressions.

1 Is a warden likely to be (a) a teacher at the college, or (b) someone who looks after the hall of residence?

2 Is a tutor likely to be (a) a teacher, or (b) a student?

3 If you go along somewhere, do you (a) go to a place and join other people there, or (b) walk a long way to get to a place?

4 If you rent out a room, do you (a) paint and decorate it, or (b) allow it to

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be used by someone who pays you regularly to use it?

Dealing with unfamiliar words p.8

4 Replace the underlined words with the correct form of the words in the box. 1 When he speaks, people notice that he sounds Irish. (detect)

2 Frank McCourt had read a lot of books which was deserving respect considering he had no high school education. (admirable)

3 You can tell the students on the underground trains by the number of books they carry. (subways)

4 The woman in the admissions office suggests that his European education is not good enough. (inadequate)

5 The professor was writing very quickly in his notebook. (scribbling)

6 Many immigrants came to America to escape extremely bad treatment because of their race, religion or

political beliefs in their own countries. (persecution)

5 Answer the questions about the expressions. 1 (a) delighted

2 (a) need to be developed with careful thinking 3 (a) at a time in the future

4 (b) to make someone extremely afraid and nervous?

Language in use p10.

with / without

1 Match the sentences with the uses of with / without . 1 (a) 2 (b) 3 (a) 4 (c) 5 (c) 6 (d)

2 Rewrite the sentences using with / without . 1 Her tutor moves his head from side to side. He spills his coffee into the saucer. With his head moving from side to side, her tutor spills his coffee into the saucer.

2 “Splendid,” he says. He doesn’t wait for an answer. “Splendid,” he says, without waiting for an answer. 3 Frank McCourt speaks in class. He has an Irish accent. Frank McCourt speaks in class with an Irish accent.

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4 He plans to go on the subway. He has the books covered in purple and white NYU jackets.

He plans to go on the subway with the books covered in purple and white NYU jacket

5 He’s only allowed to take two courses. He isn’t told why. He’s only allowed to take two courses without being told why.

6 He would like to ask a question. He doesn’t like to raise his hand. He would like to ask a question without raising his hand.

collocations

3 Read the explanations of the words and expressions. Answer the questions. 1 climb When you climb into / out of / through something, you do it with difficulty.

(a) So why does the writer’s father climb out of the room? Because the room is very small. (b) Why would you climb into bed?

You would climb into bed if you are so tired that it feels like a huge effort. (c) If you climb through a hole, what do you do with your body? You would probably need to bend over, and crawl through the hole. 2 spill This word usually suggests several ideas: liquid, accidentally, movement and out of control.

(a) What has happened if you’ve spilt coffee all over your desk?

You have accidentally knocked over a cup / mug and the coffee has gone (uncontrolled) all over the desk.

(b) What has happened if toys spilt out all over the carpet?

The toys are in a container, such as a box, and either the box is too full so some toys are falling out

onto the carpet, or the box has been tipped over so most of the toys have fallen out of the box.

(c) What might be happening if crowds were spilling out of the bars and restaurants?

Many people would be leaving the bars and restaurants all at once, probably because they were closing for the night.

3 join When you join something, you become part of it. The writer joins a queue, and several clubs.

(a) When might someone join a band?

When they can play a musical instrument and want to play with others. (b) What has happened if you join the unemployed?

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You have lost your job and become unemployed. (c) What do you do when you join in?

You do the same activity that most other people are doing.

4 burst into This phrase suggests that something suddenly happens, or someone suddenly starts doing something.

(a) What does the writer suddenly start doing when she bursts into tears? The writer suddenly starts crying. (b) What bursts into bloom?

Flowers, when they emerge from buds.

(c) What do you do when something bursts into flames?

Put out the flames immediately if you can, or keep well clear and call the emergency services (the fire brigade).

5 clean This word usually suggests several ideas: not dirty, not illegal or wrong, without problems, inoffensive.

(a) If you’ve got a clean licence, what have or haven’t you done?

This refers to a driving licence. It means that you have been driving safely or at least you have no

penalty points on the licence – a person gets such points as a punishment after breaking the law on

the roads, eg speeding or causing an accident, and the licence then has a note on it (it’s not “clean”) and the police have a record.

(b) If you use clean language, what do you avoid saying?

You avoid using swear words or other examples of bad language.

(c) If something has a clean bill of health, is it healthy or working correctly? Here this phrase is used metaphorically and means something is working properly, for example, a

car might have a clean bill of health, after a check or test that it is working properly.

6 easy This word usually suggests that something is not difficult or doesn’t need much work. It can also

suggest that a person is confident, happy and not worried about anything. (a) If someone is easy-going, how do they behave with other people?

An easy-going person behaves in a relaxed, calm manner with others and is happy to accept things

without getting worried or angry.

(b) If someone is easy on the eye, how do they look?

A person who is easy on the eye is pleasant to look at in appearance and in the

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way they dress.

(c) If something is easier said than done, is it more or less difficult to do? When something is easier said than done, it is easy to talk about, but difficult to achieve.

(d) If someone tells you to “Take it easy”, what are they telling you to do? When they tell you to “Take it easy” they can mean either of two things: You should rest and not do

things that will make you tired, or you should keep calm, being less upset or angry.

4 Complete the sentences using the collocations in Activity 3.

1 If ever I spill out of my clothes, it’s because I have put on a lot of weight and my clothes don’t fit me any more.

2 The last time someone made me burst into tears was when I was a small child and someone hurt me.

3 I always use clean language when I talk to my teachers or parents.

4 It was easier said than done when someone suggested that we should put the flag on the top of the mountain.

5 I’ll never forget the time when I had to climb through a window because I was locked out of the house.

6 Unfortunately I spilt water over my assignment, so I had to print another copy. 7 When my friends suggested that they wanted to play football on the beach, I decided to join in.

8 When the cherry trees burst into bloom, I think of my visit to Japan two years ago.

9 I would only lose my clean licence if ever I had a car accident in which I was driving under the influence of alcohol.

10 The people I think are easy on the eye are attractive and pleasant to look at.

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5 Translate the sentences into Chinese.

1 Finally, with my mother red in the face and short of breath, we find Room 8, I unlock the door, and we all walk in.

等我们终于找到8号房间的时候,妈妈已经涨红了脸,累得上气不接下气。我打开门锁,我们都走了进去。

2 She impresses me, and I feel so ignorant that I shouldn’t even breathe the same air as her.

她给我留下了深刻的印象,我觉得自己太无知了,甚至不配跟她呼吸同样的空气。

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